(HS Code 090830)
Introduction: Large Cardamom is an important export cash crop which falls under as spices crop. Its seed pods have a strong, camphor-like flavor, with a smoky character derived from the method of drying.
Cultivation: Started from Ilam district of Nepal and spread over mid-hill of 765 m to 1675 m above sea-level in 51 districts of Nepal.
House-holds in Cultivation/Processing: Over 80,000 HH
Area of Cultivation: Over 16,000 Ha of land
Estimated Production: Over 6440 M.Tons (Source: MOALD, 2019)
Top 3 Producers in the World: Nepal (52% share), India (37% share) and Bhutan (11% share).
Productivity: 500 Kg/Ha, which is far below the world average yield (India,2000kg/Ha).
Local Varieties: Ramsai (1500 m),Golsai (1300 m),Saune (1300-1500 m),Bharlange (1500m),Chibesai (700-1800 m),Jirmale (700-1000 m),Dambarsai (700-1200 m),Ramala (700-1200m),Kantidar (800-1300 m) & Seremna (less produced)
Processing: 1: Curing and Segregating; 2: Drying: 3: Quality determination: 4: Tails cutting and
Uses: Culinary use: Pods – as a spice
Medical Uses: i. Traditional Chinese medicine - stomach disorders and malaria. ii. Traditional
medicine of India, decoction of Amomum subulatum rhizomes - the therapy of jaundice.
|Area Ha||Production MT||Yield MT/Ha|
|F.Y. 2073/74 (2016/17)||F.Y. 2074/75 (2017/18)||F.Y. 2075/76 (2018/19)|
|Quantity (Kg)||Value RS.'000||Quantity (Kg)||Value RS.'000|
World Import in 2019 - 794 Million USD (Including small cardamom)
5 Year Average Growth :- 16.5 %
Potential Markets for Nepal :- India, Bangladesh, United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, Pakistan